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Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry 1998;2(2):71-80.
The Influence of Daily Calorie Intake and Calorie Consumption by Elementary School Students on Their Obesity
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of daily calorie intake and calorie consumption by elementary school students on their obesity. For the purpose, a survey was concluded against 132 male students and 129 female students. In order to fine daily calorie intake and consumption, 24 hour recall method was used, i.e., to have the surveyed student record detailed contents of both their food consumption and theit physical activities with the help of their parents. Based on the kind and amount of consumed food, daily calorie intake was calculated while calory consumption was computed using the data about both the type and duration of physical activities. The degree of obesity was measured according to the bioimpedence method and classified into four stages, i.e., low weight, normal over-weight, and obesity. For data analysis, ststistical analyses done in this study are ANOVA and sheffe. The result of this study are as follows. 1. The difference of obesity rate according to daily calorie consumption existed in both men and women(P<.05). 2. The difference of obesity according to total daily energy intake could`nt exist in men, but women showed some differences. 3. There was no difference according ingestion in men, but women had some(P<.05). 4. There was no difference according to eating between meals in women, but men had some difference(P<.05). Similar to the previous study, this study also shows that the less energy one consumes the fatter one is. Accordingly, energy consumption is a vital factor to lead child fatness. Any consistent relationship between the degree of fatness and daily calorie intake cannot be indicated.
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